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Since the agreement obliges the government to legislate on the European Convention on Human Rights and to grant northern Ireland residents access to the European Court of Human Rights, it requires the adoption of the 1998 Human Rights Act. As a result, the agreement was an important factor that prevented the repeal of the Law and its replacement by the Proposed British Bill of Rights promised by Prime Minister David Cameron. [29] Both views have been recognized as legitimate. For the first time, the Irish government agreed, in a binding international agreement, that Northern Ireland was part of the United Kingdom. [9] The Irish Constitution has also been amended to implicitly recognize Northern Ireland as part of the sovereign territory of the United Kingdom[7] provided that the majority of the population of the island`s two jurisdictions has agreed to a unified Ireland. On the other hand, the language of the agreement reflects a change in the UK`s emphasis on the one-for-eu law to United Ireland. [9] The agreement therefore left open the question of future sovereignty over Northern Ireland. [10] The election of Tony Blair`s Labour government on 1 May 1997 was transformative. Blair was as attached to the peace process as Major, but had the advantage of landing northern Ireland without the baggage major had accumulated in seven years. As part of the agreement, the British Parliament repealed the Government of Ireland Act 1920 (which had founded Northern Ireland, divided Ireland and asserted territorial right to the whole of Ireland) and the people of the Republic of Ireland amended Articles 2 and 3 of the Irish Constitution, which asserted a territorial right to Northern Ireland. The agreement was approved by voters across the island of Ireland in two referendums on 22 May 1998. In Northern Ireland, in the 1998 referendum on the Good Friday Agreement in Northern Ireland, voters were asked if they supported the multi-party agreement. In the Republic of Ireland, voters were asked whether they would allow the state to sign the agreement and authorize the necessary constitutional changes (nineteen constitutional amendments from Ireland) to facilitate it.

The citizens of both countries had to approve the agreement to implement it. The agreement was for Northern Ireland to be part of the United Kingdom and remain in place until a majority of the population of Northern Ireland and the Republic of Ireland wished otherwise. If this happens, the British and Irish governments will be “obliged” to implement this decision. The agreement recognises Northern Ireland`s constitutional status as an integral part of the United Kingdom and reflects the wishes of the majority of citizens. But he also established a principle of approval – that a united Ireland could emerge if and if a majority of the population of the Republic of Ireland and Northern Ireland wanted to. In this case, the British government would be required to hold a referendum and respect the result. In an attempt to break the deadlock, the British and Irish governments created an international dismantling agency, chaired by former US Senator George Mitchell. This is part of a “two-way” approach, where decommissioning has accompanied political discussions rather than moving forward. Mr. Mitchell presented his report in January 1996, in which he outlined six principles that should be approved by all parties to the discussion. This included the obligation to conduct exclusively peaceful means.